At a glance:

1 in 500 people have Pectus

760 people born everyday will have Pectus

4 times more common in males 

Usually presents during childhood

What is unknown? Why do we need research?

What causes pectus?

The cause is unknown.

IS there any way to prevent pectus?

Prevention approaches have not been studied.

What makes someone susceptible to pectus?

There may be genetic factors, but there are few research studies exploring this.

What happens if it is not treated?

There are no long-term studies on health outcomes in people with untreated pectus.

What is Pectus?

There are two primary types of Pectus: pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum. People with pectus excavatum have an indentation in their chest and people with pectus carinatum have a prortrusion of their chest. Some people can have both. In certain cases, people with pectus can have other conditions such as Marfans, Ehlers Danlos, or Poland syndrome. However, these are not present in the majority of cases.

Expert information on Pectus:

What symptoms does Pectus cause?

People with pectus do not always experience symptoms. However, symptoms can include both physican and psychosocial problems. Common physical complaints include shortness of breath with exercise or exertion, chest pain, and irregular heart beats. Common psychosocial complaints include low self esteem, body image concerns, and depression.

How is Pectus treated?

People with pectus that experience debilitating symptoms may seek treatment. The only treatment option that is known to be effective for pectus excavatum is surgery. People with pectus carinatum may also find relief from bracing techniques. There are other experimental treatments for both conditions that are not yet established as both safe and effective.